News and Press

All News

More Tweets

Air Pollution Control Preconstruction Permits
Air Pollution Control Operating Permits
Freshwater Wetlands
Septic (ISDS/OWTS) Records
Septic (ISDS/OWTS) Licensing
Stormwater Permitting Info
All Other Water Permits
Aboveground Storage Tank Registration
Underground Storage Tanks
Permitted Waste Transporters
Online Hunting/Fishing
Boat Registration Renewal
Rec Freshwater Fishing Licenses
Rec Saltwater Fishing Licenses
Marine Fisheries License Renewals
Shellfish Harvester Certification
Online Renewals
Agriculture Product Permit Renewals
Hazardous Waste Transporter Permit Renewals
Medical Waste Generator Registration
UST Registration Renewal
Marine Fisheries License Renewals
Online Permit Searches
Multi-Sector General Permits
Non-Contact Cooling Water Permits
Septic (OWTS) Records After 1990
Septic (OWTS) Records Before 1990
Wetlands Permits
Remediation General Permits
Other Resources
Application Forms
Permit Application Center
Request a File Review
Rules and Regulations

What Makes a Freshwater Wetland?

Drawing showing wetland cross-section

1. Water source = hydrology

2. Water-loving plants = hydrophytes

3. Presence of wet or hydric soils

Hydric Soils

Wetland or "hydric" soils exhibit different characteristics than upland soils because they are waterlogged for such long periods. Some hydric soils are organic rich because wetland plant material cannot breakdown in the wet environment. Other hydric soils have gray or mottled colors because of long term wetness. Scientists use soils to help identify the limits of wetlands.

Common Wetland Plants
(Click on thumbnails for larger images)

  • Photo of Blue Flag Iris

    Blue Flag Iris

  • Photo of Cardinal Flower

    Cardinal Flower

  • Photo of Cattails


  • Photo of Jack in the Pulpit

    Jack in the Pulpit

  • Photo of Pitcher Plant

    Pitcher Plant

  • Photo of Skunk Cabbage

    Skunk Cabbage

  • Photo of Trillium


  • Photo of White Water Lily

    White Water Lily

  • Photo of Woolgrass


  • Photo of Boneset